Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure to diagnose problems inside the uterine cavity and cervical canal. Like Laparoscopy it diagnostic as well as therapeutic.
This is nothing but direct visualization of the uterine cavity. For Hysteroscopy, the surgeon examines the shape of the uterus, the lining of the uterus, and looks for any evidence of intrauterine pathology(fibroids or polyps). The surgeon also attempts to visualize the openings to the fallopian tubes(tubal Ostia).
The examination is practiced on an out-patient basis, with using appropriated small-caliber instruments with physiological saline without anesthesia as OPD and surgical hysteroscopy is used to treat Intra Uterine problems commonly found for infertility are
- Submucous fibroids.
- Intrauterine adhesion.
- Cervical canal problems.
Patients receive general anesthesia, a high-frequency, low-voltage electric current is used, and glycine for irrigation. This procedure allows resection of submucous myomas and polyps and of septa and adhesions. We can diagnose problems inside the uterine cavity like infections, polyps, submucous fibroids, intrauterine adhesion, cervical canal problems.
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is a small caliber instrument with saline irrigation and can be done without anesthesia as a good procedure to see the uterine cavity.
Surgical Hysteroscopy is done under GA, to treat Intra uterine problems with high-frequency low voltage, electric current with glucine for irrigation.
- Diagnostic Hysteroscopy
- Hysteroscopic Intra Uterine adhesiolysis.
- Hysteroscopic sub mucosal myomectomy.
- Hysteroscopic polypectomy.
- Hysteroscopic foreign body removal (lithopedian, cu-T)
- Hysteroscopic cannulation.
- Hysteroscopic Metroplasty.